QUALITY OF SERVICE
QoS: High-Quality Voice Calls
Ensuring you get the highest quality voice service from RingCentral
Read about best practices and tools that will help you get the most from your service, and how your routers and your Internet connection contribute to overall call quality.
RingCentral provides you with reliable, high-quality voice service. Your local network, your Internet connection, and your router devices all contribute to overall call quality. To help you manage your call quality, RingCentral offers tools to check your Internet connection speed, and instructions to configure the Quality of Service (QoS) settings of your routers.
Factors that affect call quality
When making a Voice over IP (VoIP) phone call, the sound of your voice is broken into thousands of packets. These packets travel various paths on the Internet to RingCentral, and on to their final destination, where they are reassembled. Many factors can affect packets on this journey, and thus impact the quality of the call. The three most common: Latency, Jitter, and Packet Loss.
What is Latency »
The time it takes a voice packet to reach its destination is called Latency. Latency is measured in milliseconds (ms)—thousandths of a second. Latency of 150ms is barely noticeable and generally acceptable. Latency higher than 150ms adversely affects VoIP QoS, while latency higher than 300ms is generally unacceptable.
What is Jitter? »
Jitter measures the variation in the arrival time of those individual packets making their way along various routes over the Internet. Jitter can be caused by Internet congestion, timing drift, or Internet route changes. Jitter is measured in milliseconds (ms)—thousandths of a second. Jitter greater than 50ms can result in packet loss and degraded voice quality.
What is Packet Loss (Data Loss)? »
Packets are sent over the Internet and reassembled at their destination. Packet loss occurs when some packets are dropped by congested network routers or switches, or discarded by the jitter buffer. If you miss one out of every 10 words, or 10 words all at once, chances are you won’t understand the conversation.
There are a number of ways you can control for these factors.
Improving your QoS
Design your network for voice, and use QoS-enabled network equipment.
There are special considerations when designing your network to support voice traffic. QoS-enabled routers prioritize voice traffic over lower-priority data traffic, such as large downloads. Consult the following documents for information on network design, and commended routers and their QoS settings.
Recommended Routers »
A solid Internet connection means solid voice quality.
For voice quality, we recommend that you use a high-speed DSL, cable, or fiber-optic connection with dedicated upload and download bandwidth for voice of 90Kbps or higher for each voice line you plan to run. Please use these Internet connection tests to verify your connection.